The process that must precede to declare the Prince of Wales the new British monarch.
In monarchies they say ‘God save the queen and long live the new king’ and this is how it will be in the case of Prince Charles after the death of Queen Elizabeth.
Charles is the new king and head of state of the United Kingdom and 15 Commonwealth nations following the death of his mother, Queen Elizabeth. Charles III as he will be named shortly after his mother’s death issued his first announcement as the new King of Britain. “The death of my beloved Mother, Her Majesty the Queen, is a moment of greatest sorrow to me and to all the members of my family. We deeply mourn the death of a beloved sovereign and a much loved mother. I know her loss will be deeply felt throughout the country, the Kingdoms and the Commonwealth, and by countless people around the world. During this time of mourning and change, my family and I will be comforted and sustained by our knowledge of the respect and deep affection in which the Queen was so widely held.”
Charles automatically became king the moment Elizabeth took her last breath. His official return to the throne, however, will take place today, Friday.
The protocol mandates the proclamation of the new monarch one day after the death of the previous one. This will be done at the meeting of the “council of succession to the throne”, which is expected to convene at St James’s Palace, London. The code name for Charles’s restoration to the throne is “Operation Spring Tide”.
How and when the coronation will take place
Charles’ coronation, however, is a different matter as it requires detailed planning, which will be undertaken by the Earl Marshal, and so is unlikely to take place anytime soon. For example, his mother’s coronation, which was attended by heads of state from around the world, took place 16 months after she ascended the throne!
The official declaration will be made as soon as possible, in a council that will be established in the Palace of St. James. Members of the Privy Council, which advises the monarch on matters of state, will be invited to the meeting. Traditional guests include members of the House of Lords, the Mayor and other prominent citizens of the City of London, as well as Commonwealth High Commissioners. Tradition also dictates that the new monarch’s first public proclamation will be read in the open air at St James’s Palace by the King of Arms’, in the presence of the Earl Marshal (who is the Duke of Norfolk) and two officers of the Palace Guard.
After the proclamation, Charles will read a declaration and swear to uphold the Church of Scotland. He must also take an oath related to the Church of England: the proclamation of the Ascension, to maintain the established Protestant succession, which is usually taken at the next State Opening of Parliament, after the succession. As the proclamation is read out at St James’s Palace, similar ceremonies will be held in Edinburgh by Lord Lyon, the King of Arms, and in Windsor and York, where traditionally the Mayor drinks to the new leader from a golden goblet.
By tradition again, a carriage procession will arrive at St. James’s Palace accompanied by cavalry. It will march through the capital’s streets, which will be lined with troops, to the three other locations for the royal proclamations: the statue of Charles I on the site of the original Charing Cross, once considered the center of London, in Chancery Lane and at the Royal Exchange. At Temple Bar, at the entrance to the town, the mayor and his officers will await the procession. Details have not yet been made public, but the ancient ceremony there traditionally sees the Earl Marshal march, and then a horseman accompanied by two trumpeters lead the front and stops at the red cord. After the trumpets have sounded, the Marshal advances and calls out the words, “Who is it?”
The officers then reply: “His Majesty’s officers of arms, requiring entry into the City of London to proclaim His Royal Majesty, King Charles III.” An order is then read aloud to the council by the Town Sergeant, whereupon the Mayor declares, “Accept the horseman.” The royal procession enters the city and the proclamation of the Ascension is read in the two locations of the city, with the Mayor raising his hat to call for “three cheers for the king” as the new King is hailed from Hyde Park and the Tower of London.
Changes in the order of succession
King Charles III’s wife, Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, will be given the title ‘Queen Consort’, as the title of Queen is only for natural born blue-bloods, according to protocol.
After Elizabeth’s death, the order of succession to the throne of Old Albion also changes. With 73-year-old King Charles, his eldest son, 39-year-old Prince William, becomes heir to the throne while his 8-year-old son, Prince George is second in line, 6-year-old Princess Charlotte is third and 4-year-old Prince Louis is fourth in line. Prince Harry from sixth in line to the throne rises to fifth place while the sixth and seventh places are occupied by his two children, Archie, 3, and Charlotte, 15 months, respectively.
This article was originally published on: https://www.madamefigaro.gr